Fraud Types:
Date Posted: Mar 23, 2017

Fraudsters develop elaborate stories and scenarios to make you believe they are legitimate. Below are just some of the on-going scams being used by fraudsters to trick potential victims out of their personal information and/or money.

 

Tax scams

The Canadian Anti-Fraud Centre (CAFC) continues to receive reports associated to tax scams targeting Canadians by email and phone. Tax scams can involve two variations:

The first involves fraudsters calling consumers impersonating the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA), claiming a recent audit has identified discrepancies from past filed taxes. Repayment is required immediately. Fraudsters threaten consumers that failure to pay will result in additional fees and/or jail time or deportation. Fraudsters request payment by a money service business or pre-paid cards / gift cards (iTunes).

The second involves consumers receiving an email indicating a refund is pending from the CRA. The email includes a link that directs consumers to a website that mimics the actual CRA. Consumers are urged to input their information before receiving the refund (email money transfer). Victims that input their information, including Social Insurance Number (SIN), Date of Birth (DOB), banking information, are subject to identity fraud. No refund is ever issued.

Warning Signs - How to Protect Yourself

  1. The CRA will never ask for personal information through an email or text message or by clicking on a link.
  2. The CRA will never request payment by prepaid credit cards or iTunes gift cards, and it does not send emails containing details of a tax refund or Interac e-transfer payments.
  3. The CRA advises Canadians to confirm the status of their tax accounts before taking any action that may be the result of pressure from suspicious calls or emails, and to verify the legitimacy of the communication by contacting the CRA directly at 1-800-959-8281 or by checking My Account or My Business Account.
  4. For more information about fraud scams involving the CRA, visit Protect yourself against fraud.
  5. If you've shared personal information, contact Equifax and Trans Union to place fraud alerts on your account.
  6. If you've shared banking information with the scammers, contact your financial institution to place alerts on your account.

 

Telemarketing Scams

Fraudsters develop elaborate stories and scenarios to make you believe they are legitimate. Below are just some of the on-going scams being used by fraudsters to trick potential victims out of their personal information and/or money.

Read on to learn the many warning signs and ways to protect yourself.  We have highlighted the Tax Scams information above as it is prime time for fraudsters, click to read more on Emergency scams, Extortion scams, Prize scams, Investment scams, Vacation scams, Immigration scams, Service scams, Timeshare scams, and Call ID Spoofing: http://www.antifraudcentre-centreantifraude.ca/fraud-escroquerie/telemarketing-eng.htm

Online scams

Below are common scams being used by fraudsters who target victims via the Internet. Read more about Continuity scams, How to Protect Yourself Online, Deceptive Marketing of Counterfeit Goods, Overpayment scams, Sale of Merchandise scams, and Romance scams: http://www.antifraudcentre-centreantifraude.ca/fraud-escroquerie/online-enligne-eng.htm 

 

Email and text message scams

Emails provide an easy venue for fraudsters to reach you. Be wary of any email from an address you don't recognize. Read more about Extortion scams, Prize scams, Job scams, WIre fraud, Phishing, and Investment scams: http://www.antifraudcentre-centreantifraude.ca/fraud-escroquerie/email-courriel-eng.htm 

 

Identity theft

 Identity theft refers to acquiring and collecting someone else's personal information for criminal purposes. Read more about Card Crimes and Phishing: http://www.antifraudcentre-centreantifraude.ca/fraud-escroquerie/identity-identite-eng.htm 

 

Business scams

Business scams include scams that mimic real businesses in order to deceive consumers as well as scams that target small businesses. Read more about Extortion scams, Sale of Merchandise scams, Directory scams, Office Supply scams, and Wire fraud: http://www.antifraudcentre-centreantifraude.ca/fraud-escroquerie/business-commerciales-eng.htm 

 

Mail scams

Below are the most common scams associated with the postal or private mail carrier service. Read more about International mail scams, Job scams and Prize scams:  http://www.antifraudcentre-centreantifraude.ca/fraud-escroquerie/mail-poste-eng.htm

 

 

 

 

 

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